EPO: Erythropoietin (EPO) is a naturally occurring hormone found in the blood, but media usually refer to the artificial peptide (recombinant EPO). EPO stimulates production of red blood cells to improve oxygen transfer and boost endurance or recovery from anaerobic exercise. EPO is also believed to increase the risk of adverse health effects, but this has mainly been based on athletes’ anecdotal evidence and clinical studies in non-sports patients with other medical conditions. While using recombinant EPO is prohibited both in and out of competition under WADA’s Prohibited List, “natural” boosting of EPO through high altitude training is allowed.

I have been using sermorelin (bioidentical growth hormone releasing hormone) for 2 months now to help heal a nasty right quad tendon rupture suffered the end of December. I’m 52 years old with 7% bodyfat and am a lifetime strength trainer and former high level bike racer. 2 months ago, in spite of months of religious rehab, I couldn’t do a single right leg bench stepup. Yesterday I was doing 20lb DB’s for repeated sets of 15. I get complete blood panels every 6 months, and my last labs in May showed my IGF-1 levels off the reference range low. I get my next bloods in a couple of weeks. I was initially afraid to try this hormone due to the cancer implications, and I didn’t need it to be lean and fit, but I was desperate and for my injury recovery, and it has made a significant difference. Plus, I believed supplementing the releasing hormone vs, IGF-1 limits the possibility of increasing the levels too much, as well as causing a negative feedback loop. By the way, I also tried TB-500 previous to the sermorelin, and it seemed to make some other achy joints in the gym go away, but didn’t seem to help the quad injury.
The objective of the 3rd study (METAOD003) was to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacodynamics of single oral doses of AOD9604 in healthy, clinically obese males. 17 subjects (n = 15 completed the study), age 35 to 54 years, with a BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 (range 35 to 56 kg/m2) subsequently received 3 increasing doses of AOD9604 (9, 27 and 54 mg) or placebo. Each dose administration was separated by a 2-week wash-out period.

Another side effect of the CJC-1295 is acromegaly, since it helps in increasing the levels of the growth hormone. Acromegaly is a condition where extra growth hormone is released even after the internal organs and the skeleton have finished growing. This causes thickening of the skin, deepening of voice, enlargement of jaws, and slurring of speech. Another effect of acromegaly is the swelling of the soft tissue in the internal organs. This could result in the weakening of the muscles of the internal organs, like the heart. This was tested during the phase 2 testing of CJC-1295.
But let’s say you’ve already implemented the IGF-1 boosting strategies of adequate calories, sufficient protein, weight training, plenty of sleep, smart supplementation, mineral intake and alcohol moderation. Should you take the next step, wander into an anti-aging clinic, find an online pharmacy, lurk in the depths of bodybuilding forums, and begin IGF-1 injections?
To put this into simple terms, collagen protein promotes fullness and keeps our body feeling satisfied after a meal. If we feel more full for a longer time after eating, we are less likely to overeat at the next meal. This goes hand in hand with fighting off pesky cravings. We know how difficult it can be to fight cravings, such as those for salty, oily or fatty foods. And not to mention sugary foods, which our brain can actually get addicted to. Including collagen into your daily diet can help in the battle against cravings and weight loss by keeping you full and satisfied.
CJC-1295 is also known by the names of Modified GRF 1-29, Mod GRF 1-29, CJC-1295 without DAC (DAC stands for Drug Affinity Complex) and also by its chemical name tetrasubstituted GRF (1-29). This variety of names makes it difficult for the average consumer to select or even research upon this compound. Since some manufacturers list all of its names and others list only one, it also becomes very confusing. However, there is a reason for this wide variety of names.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that results from articular cartilage loss induced by complex interactions of genetic, metabolic, biochemical, and biomechanical factors with secondary components of inflammation [1]. OA is the most common arthritis and a major medical problem in people aged 65 years and older [2]. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), physical therapy, exercises, corticosteroids, and hyaluronic acid injections have all been used for the conservative treatment of OA. The role of NSAIDs in OA management is controversial because of its adverse side effects, as well as side effects on the cartilage [3].

The increase in GH secretion due to IPAMORELIN (and other GHRP) leads to an increase in IGF-1 (thought to be the anabolic mechanism of GH).  As we get older GH and subsequently IGF-1 decrease substantially.  This decline is thought to be one of the major causes of the ageing process.  By increasing these levels again there is increased collagen synthesis, promotion of lean muscle mass, bone strength, improved healing capability, improved sleep cycle, increased energy, repair and regeneration of internal organs, strengthening of joints/cartilage/connective tissue, and anti ageing effects on the skin. 
For example, if 100mcg more were to be administered after the first 100mcg (making the effective dose of 200mcg), then the second dose will achieve only 50% of what the first dose already did. A 100mcg more (making a total of 300mcg) will achieve only 25% more of the initial dose. This implies that, in order to increase the effect of the compound, only a little more of it can be successfully administered after the saturation dose.

cDNAs were synthesized by reverse transcription (RT) of 1.0 μg of each total RNA using oligo (dT)15 as a primer. The RNA in a volume of 7.7 μl H2O was heated to 70 C for 5 min then placed on ice for 2 min before the addition of a reaction mix containing 1× RT buffer (Promega Corp., Madison, WI), 1 mM deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs), 5 mM MgCl2, 18 U Rnasin (Promega Corp.), 20 U avian myeloblastosis virus RT (Promega Corp.), and 50 μg ml−1 oligo(dT)15 in a volume of 12.5 μl. Following a brief centrifugation, the reactions were incubated at 42 C for 45 min and then 95 C for 5 min. The completed RT reactions were stored at −20 C and used for PCR without further treatment.

Subjects were excluded if they had any of the following: history of myocardial infarction, heart failure, or left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <50%, greater than mild valvular stenosis or regurgitation or any regional wall motion abnormalities by cardiac imaging, chronic renal failure or serum creatinine ≥3.0 mg/dL, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus requiring insulin therapy, systolic blood pressure ≥170 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mm Hg at the most recent weight center visit, a history of current loop or thiazide diuretic use, a history of obstructive lung disease, or thyroid dysfunction. Female subjects who were pregnant or planned to become pregnant within 6 months were also excluded. The Partners Human Research Committee approved the protocol. All subjects provided informed consent.

recently studies found that in the process of destroying the fat cells, it shook stem cells which are inside the fat cells giving rise to new found REGENERATIVE POWERS of AOD. It works well at regenerating ligaments after significant damage and muscle repair, by increasing cartilage and collagen production in your joints. It has also been seen to improve bone density which can have positive effects on osteoporosis.

The banned "peptide" believed to have been injected into numerous Australian professional athletes can be bought in under 30 seconds online. GHRP-6, the growth hormone-releasing peptide that features in the Australian Crime Commission's report into organised crime and drugs in sport released this morning, was identified -- alongside other so-called performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) -- as a dubious supplement threatening to cast a pall over the country's professional codes. Although unproven, GHRP-6 purportedly helps the body repair damaged tissue and can stimulate human growth hormones to improve athletic performance. It can be used in conjunction with anabolic steroids to promote muscle gain. Peptides are classified as a prohibited substance on the World Anti-Doping Agency prohibited list and were banned for use both in and out of competition in 2008. The ACC report said most peptides are also:
There are many legal, cheap and effective alternatives for anyone looking to lose weight and bulk up. One of the most popular products at Mr Supplement is Elemental Nutrition's HGH, a natural supplement designed to maximise the body's own production of growth Hormone. Pair a good quality fat loss protein with a solid training regime and you cannot go wrong. BSc Hydroxyburn is a lean protein with added fat loss ingredients that ticks all the boxes. Another natural hormonal option is a testosterone booster. Massive Muscle Fuel is known as the strongest legal alternative to anabolic steriods, and is not for the fainthearted.
Strengths of our study include the serial physiologic assessments before and after bariatric surgery. The gastric bypass procedure ensured a large degree of weight loss (≈27% mean change in BMI), while the administration of normal saline provided an acute stimulus for eliciting acute natriuretic peptide responses. Thus, we were able to compare the relative effects of weight loss and saline infusion, with each individual serving as his or her own control. This study design minimizes confounding from sources of natriuretic peptide variation that might correlate with BMI. We performed the post‐surgical assessment 6 months after surgery to ensure that acute hemodynamic changes from surgery had resolved and patients had attained most of their expected weight loss. Mitral annular early diastolic (e′) velocity at the lateral annulus has been accepted as an index of diastolic function24, 25 and we had significant improvement in e′ suggesting improvement in myocardial relaxation. Our echocardiographic findings are in accordance with the recently published meta‐analysis demonstrating benefits of bariatric surgery on diastolic function.26
TelewellnessMD® provides consulting and program recommendations for general health, age management, nutrition and other wellness healthcare needs through an online platform and network of wellness medical providers. Trim® Nutrition’s product line includes vitamins, supplements and protein shakes manufactured in CGMP facilities and proprietary nutrient injections compounded in a certified licensed pharmacy using the highest quality ingredients. Headquartered in Clearwater, Florida, Trim® Nutrition’s clinical staff of physicians, pharmacists, registered nurses, and research and development specialists are dedicated to the mission of Making Bodies Better™.
Getting enough sleep is essential to feeling good – and losing weight. “It’s not so much that if you sleep, you will lose weight, but if you are sleep-deprived, meaning that you are not getting enough minutes of sleep or good quality sleep, your metabolism will not function properly,” explains Michael Breus, PhD and the clinical director of the sleep division for Arrowhead Health in Glendale, Ariz.
Monash University discovered that the fat-reducing effects of GH appear to be controlled by a small region near one end of the GH molecule. This region, which consists of amino acids 176-191, is less than 10% of the total size of the GH molecule and appears to have no effect on growth or insulin resistance. It works by mimicking the way natural Growth Hormone regulates fat metabolism but without the adverse effects on blood sugar or growth that is seen with unmodified Growth Hormone. Like Growth Hormone, AOD 9604 stimulates lipolysis (the breakdown or destruction of fat) and inhibits lipogenesis (the transformation of nonfat food materials into body fat) both in laboratory testing and in animals and humans. Recent findings have shown, in addition to its fat loss properties, AOD 9604 processes many other regenerative properties associated with growth hormone. Currently trials are underway to show the application of AOD 9604 in osteoarthritis, hypercholesterolemia, bone and cartilage repair. AOD 9604 has an excellent safety profile, recently obtaining Human GRAS status in the USA.
Amongst its metabolic effects, hGH can induce inhibition of lipoprotein lipase activity in adipose tissue, stimulating lipolysis in adipocytes, which results in the reduction of fat cell mass [4-7]. Moreover, a correlation has been found between adiposity and the reduced circulating levels of hGH [8]. When applied systemically, hGH reduces body fat mass and influences fat distribution [9]. Therefore, treatment with hGH should theoretically have a positive impact on obesity. However, long term treatment with hGH is associated with various health risks, including glucose intolerance and insulin resistance, diabetes, acromegaly, cancer, edema, and hypertension [10-13].

First, when buying them, peptides are stored in the refrigerator. It is necessary to wash your hands before administering every preparation. Peptides are mixed with sterilized water. After taking 2 to 1ml sterilized water with a syringe, you should let it run down the wall of the peptide vial. Let it rest for ten minutes then mix gently. It is important not to stir the solution.
If there's one thing that science has definitively said about AOD9604, it is that it is safe and has no side effects. Calzada, after trying the peptide out as an anti-obesity and anti-arthritic, has succeeded in having the peptide declared "Generally regarded as safe" by the FDA, which makes it legal to use as a food additive in America. Calzada, seemingly under no pretense that their product has pharmaceutical properties, is now trying to break into the US over the counter supplement and "Nutraceutical" market with AOD9604 (2,4). Interestingly, the compound has only been approved for use in levels of up to 1mg per day (2), whereas the doses used in trials generally hovered around 500ug/kg (5,6), which means a 100kg person was receiving 50mg of the peptide daily. There is no science behind the peptide, or the dosage, and Calzada themselves have previously said AOD9604 is not effective orally (2).
Design Mature New Zealand white rabbits (n=32) were randomly administered 2 mg collagenase type II twice in each knee joint. Weekly injections of 0.6 mL saline (Group 1), 6 mg HA (Group 2), 0.25 mg AOD9604 (Group 3), and 0.25 mg AOD9604 with 6 mg HA (Group 4) were administered for 4–7 weeks after the first intra-articular collagenase injection. The degree of cartilage degeneration was assessed using morphological and histopathological findings, and the degree of lameness was observed at 8 weeks after the first collagenase injection.
Press coverage and word of mouth has generated quite a bit of hype around AOD9604. Despite its popularity on the black market, there is no research into the safety and effect of injecting this peptide at high doses. Intriguingly, it is not currently in Calzada's interest to fight the black market production of AOD9604, even though it is a patented product. Calzada lack the funds to legitimately boost the reputation of this peptide through clinical trials, and there is a strong chance these would once again prove that AOD9604 has no effect. The good reputation this peptide currently enjoys is likely to provide strong leverage to its marketing as a food supplement in the United States.
The particle size of a drug molecule is a crucial factor in the effects of intra-articular injections. The larger the particle size, the longer the drug will stay in a joint, thereby increasing its efficacy [20]. The short residence time of intra-articular AOD9604 when dissolved in saline was due to its rapid uptake by local circulation. However, the combination of AOD9604 with HA may result in more residence time and better effects in the joint. Recent studies [21–23] have shown that the addition of HA to nanoparticles improves the drug effects by increasing drug bioavailability and decreasing systemic absorption after topical administration.
It is also notable that the rise in absolute concentrations of ANP and Nt‐proANP after weight loss surgery was comparable to that observed with a 2‐L saline infusion. This observation suggests that the magnitude of obesity‐induced alteration in natriuretic peptide production is physiologically relevant. The slope of the natriuretic peptide response to saline challenge was similar before and after weight loss, suggesting that obesity does not blunt the responsiveness of the natriuretic peptide axis to salt challenge, but rather alters the “set point.”
•If injecting just a GHRP or GHRH product on their own, avoid eating/drinking anything high in fat for 3 hours before your injection and anything high in carbohydrates for 2 hours before (i.e. always do your injection on an empty stomach), otherwise the amount of GH release they cause may be significantly blunted leading to poor results. •If injecting both a GHRP and GHRH together (e.g. 100mcg of both GHRP-6 and Modified GRF 1-29) studies have proven that their ability to release GH returns to full-strength as little as 1 hour (60 minutes) post-meal. This gives users greater flexibility with their meal timings, especially since consuming sufficient calories is so critical to building muscle. •Whether injecting GH peptides alone or along with others, always wait at least 20 minutes after your injection before consuming anything. Once at least 20 minutes has passed, consume a food/beverage high in protein and/or carbohydrates to stimulate an insulin spike (if you inject in the morning and around your workout, this meal/shake should be high protein and high carbohydrates, if you inject at night this consumption should be protein only as protein is sufficient enough to spike insulin, but without the negative impact on fat gain which carbohydrates can contribute to).
Melanotan II is an analogue of alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone, the hormone responsible for pigmentation in skin and hair. This peptide has been shown not only to increase skin pigmentation, resulting in a substantially tanner skin tone, but also to stimulate fat loss and increase libido. Its aphrodisiac effects were so substantial that it was the basis for the development of another peptide designed exclusively to address erectile and sexual dysfunction—Bremelanotide PT 141.
The evidence so far suggests that there may be some effect on cartilage and bone densities, and it is correlated with weight loss. I understand that there is no evidence to suggest that it stimulates the release of IGF-1, which is the mechanism via which growth hormone gets most of its purported performance enhancing effects (i.e. muscle bulk). Whilst this is a decent list of things to test if one is considering AOD9604 as simply a variant of growth hormone, it is by no means exhaustive of all the mechanisms via which a drug can enhance athletic performance. The evidence thus far suggests that AOD9604 could be performance enhancing, but there is nothing I would hang my hat on. That is why I maintain that Dank is more sorcerer than scientist.
Endurobol (GW501516): Classified under a group of drugs called peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists, Endurobol’s potential abuse in athletes is based on animal studies that showed it could improve endurance, increase fat metabolism, improve glucose uptake in skeletal muscle tissue, and increase in muscle gene expression. At the moment, there is insufficient evidence for these sport performance outcomes in humans. Human side-effects are currently also unknown. Endurobol is prohibited both in and out of competition under WADA’s Prohibited List.
The male β3-KO mice and wild-type (WT) that were used in this study were offspring of animals provided by Dr. Bradford Howell (Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA). The animals were bred and housed in the central animal house facility (Monash University). For chronic studies, animals were housed in the Departmental Animal Facility (Biochemistry, Monash University). For acute energy expenditure studies, animals were transported to the Department of Medicine (University of Melbourne), acclimatized, and killed following experimentation. The WT andβ 3-KO mice genotype were verified by breeding records and RT-PCR analysis performed in the laboratory of Professor Roger Summers.

There are many legal, cheap and effective alternatives for anyone looking to lose weight and bulk up. One of the most popular products at Mr Supplement is Elemental Nutrition's HGH, a natural supplement designed to maximise the body's own production of growth Hormone. Pair a good quality fat loss protein with a solid training regime and you cannot go wrong. BSc Hydroxyburn is a lean protein with added fat loss ingredients that ticks all the boxes. Another natural hormonal option is a testosterone booster. Massive Muscle Fuel is known as the strongest legal alternative to anabolic steriods, and is not for the fainthearted.

Paracetamol/caffeine formulations have a long-established safety and efficacy profile over 25 years of use as an open-sale medicine in major markets around the world. The paracetamol/caffeine combination analgesic was registered as a schedule 2 product in Australia and has been marketed since 2010. Since that time no new significant issues or potential risks have been reported.
The diet program combines medically scripted weight loss medication with specifically formulated Ketogenic supplements to help you control your appetite and switch your body into Ketosis – your body’s fat burning mode. The diet plan comes with a detailed booklet which steps your through the 30-day program, and includes a shopping list, recipes, KetoMed RX program specifics as well as other helpful resources.
The lateral and medial condyles of the femur and tibia were fixed with 10% neutral buffered formalin and decalcified with 20% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Calcified condyles were embedded in paraffin, and standard frontal sections of 5 μm were prepared and stained with haematoxylin and eosin in the cartilage of the lateral part of the femoral condyle, according to gross morphological observations [14]. If the staining was not adequate, the specimen was cut at the next cartilage surface. Cartilage degradation features were analyzed using the scoring system modified by Mankin et al. [14]. Histopathological evidence of cartilage degeneration was evaluated by structural scoring (0, normal; 1, surface irregularities; 2, pannus and surface irregularities; 3, clefts to transitional zones; 4, clefts to radial zones; 5, clefts to calcified zones; and 6, complete disorganization) and cell status (0, normal; 1, diffuse hypercellularity; 2, cloning; and 3, hypocellularity) of the articular cartilage. Total score ranged from 0 (normal) to 9 (complete disorganization and hypocellularity of the articular cartilage). All sections were graded by two independent pathologists who did not have any information about the injection solutions.

In vitro and in vivo investigations revealed a specific region within the hormone molecule that is responsible for the molecular events associated with lipid metabolism [18, 24, 25]. AOD9604 is a peptide fragment of the C-terminus or lipolytic domain of hGH (hGH177-191), with an additional tyrosine residue at the N-terminal end for stabilization. In vitro and in vivo experiments have shown similar effects of AOD9604 and hGH on lipid metabolism when chronically applied to mice [20, 21]. Interestingly, AOD9604 mimics the effect of hGH on lipid metabolism, without having growth promoting or pro-diabetic effects. The safety and tolerability of AOD9604 has been studied in the human clinical trials described in this paper.

The rabbits were clinically observed daily at 14:00. The rabbits were placed on a 2-m2 ground area, and gait was individually assessed by direct observation for 20 minutes. The knee and ankle of the intact rabbit limb showed typical flexion and extension cycle during hopping. Lameness was defined as the inability to bear weight and the loss of typical flexion and extension cycle of the affected limb during hopping compared with that of the unaffected limb. The severity of lameness was not quantified. The time taken to return to normal ambulation without lameness of the affected limb was recorded for each group. The lameness period was checked by three independent physiatrists who did not have knowledge of the experimental groups.

Within all the clinical trials the subjects received either the active treatment AOD9604 Tyr-hGH177-191(Metabolic Pharmaceuticals Ltd.; amino acid sequence: YLRIVQCRSVEGSCGF; CAS Registry Number: 38624-39-7; INCI Name: 27701 sh-Oligopeptide-74) or placebo (vehicle of mix of excipients). In addition, in study METAOD001 individual subjects were treated with rhHG (0.12 IU/kg; supplied by Unichem in the form of somatropin (Saizen® - Serono)) as a positive control. The administered doses of the study product ranged from 25 µg up to 400 µg per kg bodyweight for the injectable product (i.v. administration in study METAOD001 and METAOD002) and from 0.25 mg/day to 54 mg/day for the orally administered capsules/tablets (capsules METAOD003 - METAOD005; tablets: METAOD006).

Cancer can often be a process of uncontrolled cellular division. IGF-1 is not only pro-growth in a way that could increase this cellular division, but IGF-1 also inhibits apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Hence the theory among some in the medical community that tumors could increase synthesis of IGF-1 to keep themselves alive and to encourage the spread of cancer throughout the body. This doesn’t mean that IGF-1 directly causes cancer.
This is cutting edge science and i freely admit is a PE...you could argue whey, bcaa or even intermittent fasting does the same thing, just not as refined hence the argument and confusion is that the substance is grey because the peptide stimulates natural GH which not even wada or asada know how to pidgeon hole it....its mostly unclassified...this is why we will be just fine... are you starting to see the glaring holes in your facts yet?
Figure 2. A, Concentrations of plasma mature BNP levels at baseline and at 40, 80, 120, and 180 minutes after the start of saline infusion. Solid line with squares represents pre‐bypass surgery subjects and dotted line with triangles represents post‐bypass surgery subjects. B, Concentrations of plasma Nt‐proBNP levels at baseline and at 40, 80, 120, and 180 minutes after the start of saline infusion. Solid line with squares represents pre‐bypass surgery subjects and dotted line with triangles represents post‐bypass surgery subjects. BNP indicates B‐type natriuretic peptide; Nt‐proBNP, N‐terminal pro‐BNP.
The Ketogenic Diet is designed to force your body into ketosis, which is a normal metabolic state. Typically, the body burns carbohydrates from food to function, but when you adopt a diet of low calories (and low carbohydrates) your body switches into ketosis. When your body is in a state of ketosis the body is burning fat for energy, meaning you are tapping into the body’s fat storage that is often the hardest to shift.

When you buy peptides online through Peptide Clinics you can be ensured of our commitment to your success. Peptide Clinics specialises in supplying premium peptide supplements, incorporated into custom treatment programs to assist you in meeting your health and fitness goals. All new client questionnaires are screened by one of our highly trained and experienced medical doctors. All initial and follow-up blood tests are also screened by our doctors, who use this information to recommend the peptide best suited for you, with its dose and frequency. Programs are customised on a per client basis dependent on your goals and blood test results, which are regularly reviewed and modified to ensure optimal peptide performance.