Male New Zealand white rabbits (n=32; aged 12 weeks) were used in the experiments. Animals were housed in separate metal cages at a temperature of 23°C±2°C and relative humidity of 45%±10%. The animals were allowed free access to tap water and were fed a commercial rabbit diet. Animal experiments were performed in accordance with internationally accredited guidelines and approved by laboratory’s Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee.
By increasing our own growth hormone levels (which normally decrease as we age), there is an increase in protein synthesis which subsequently stimulates muscle growth. It leads to an increase in muscle mass, an increase in fat metabolism (fat loss), and increase in physical strength. It is also helpful in skin ageing, and effective in reducing wrinkles.
In addition, scientists have observed that those who supplemented with IGF-1 experienced a preponderance of new brain cell growth and new muscle mass and new studies confirmed this to be true, even among individuals with both brain damage and muscle-wasting sarcopenia. Furthermore, research studies have found IGF-1 to increase feelings of youthfulness, improve well-being, and even to alleviate depression.
There were no changes in laboratory parameters or vital signs in any treatment group. There were no clinically significant abnormalities in vital signs, safety tests, or ECGs during the studies. At no time were statistically significant differences in IGF-1 levels among the treatment groups and placebo detected. The overall mean changes in IGF-1 were 1.76 nmol/L and 1.24 nmol/L after 12 and 24 weeks of treatment, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the treatment groups or placebo (P = 0.50844 after 12 weeks and P = 0.75754 after 24 weeks).
During the hydrolysis process, whole proteins are broken down into smaller peptide fragments. These can sometimes be as short as two or three amino acids in length (known as di- and tri-peptides). The benefits of hydrolysed protein have been outlined in detail elsewhere. In short, hydrolysed proteins are much faster absorbed than other forms of protein. It has been shown that hydrolysed whey protein can increase the time of recovery compared to whey protein isolate (WPI) (Buckley et al, 2010).
Thymosin beta-4 (TB-4): A naturally occurring protein found in blood platelets, TB-4 plays a role in the repair and regeneration of injured tissues in the human body. It was first detected in the thymus, a gland that produces white blood cells. While it’s recently been used to treat horses and implicated in horse doping, it’s also found its way into bodybuilding circles. While there is no published evidence that TB-4 produces any benefit to athletes, it was added to the WADA banned substances list in 2011.
These findings suggest that the acute effects of AOD9604 are quite different from the chronic effects. Enhancedβ 3-AR expression appears to play a major role in the chronic effectiveness of the compound in terms of fat metabolism and weight loss. The acute effects observed in this study confirm that the β3-AR is not the sole mediator of this action. The increase in β3-AR expression in response to hGH and AOD9604 would permit enhanced lipolytic sensitivity. Identification of the components of the intracellular pathway(s) and effector(s) activated by AOD9604 are currently being investigated. The results presented in this paper suggest that the effectiveness of AOD9604 and hGH may partly rely on their ability to increase levels of β3-AR RNA expression in models of obesity in which the numbers of the lipolytic receptor are low. These unique properties may give AOD9604 an advantage over other lipolytic agonists such as adrenergic agents and hGH, which exhibit undesirable side effects when administered chronically (22).
AOD is a peptide 15 amino acids long which mimics a small portion of the growth hormone that has the fat reducing effects (increases fat metabolism). It works by mimicking the way natural growth hormone regulates fat metabolism but without the adverse effects on blood sugar and growth that is seen if unmodified growth hormone is given. It stimulates lipolysis (break down of fat) and inhibits lipogenesis (non fat food being stored in the body as fat).
In vitro and in vivo investigations revealed a specific region within the hormone molecule that is responsible for the molecular events associated with lipid metabolism [18, 24, 25]. AOD9604 is a peptide fragment of the C-terminus or lipolytic domain of hGH (hGH177-191), with an additional tyrosine residue at the N-terminal end for stabilization. In vitro and in vivo experiments have shown similar effects of AOD9604 and hGH on lipid metabolism when chronically applied to mice [20, 21]. Interestingly, AOD9604 mimics the effect of hGH on lipid metabolism, without having growth promoting or pro-diabetic effects. The safety and tolerability of AOD9604 has been studied in the human clinical trials described in this paper.
A total of 18 patients (3.6%) reported at least one SAE. The distribution of SAEs was similar among all treatment groups (Table 2). The most common SAEs reported were in the injury, poisoning and procedural complications body system class (6 patients, 1.2%). The others were general disorders and administration site conditions (2 patients; 0.4%), infections and infestations (2 patients; 0.4%), musculo-skeletal and connective tissue disorders (2 patients; 0.4%), and vascular disorders (2 patients; 0.4%).
The simple science of amino acids linked together, via peptide bonds, brings to life this now common word – “Peptides”. Used for a variety of health, fitness and anti ageing concerns, Peptides can help in many ways to promote fat loss, build lean muscle, assist with injury recovery, increase agility, and many other anti ageing benefits. Peptides are amino acid chains that act as messengers in the cellular world by telling your cells what to do. One of the world’s best kept secrets for optimal health is Human Growth Hormone (HGH). HGH is so instrumentally important that its decline as we age is directly related to our health and quality of life. Modern medicine is now recognising its decrease as a clinical syndrome called “Growth Hormone Deficiency Syndrome”. By stimulating your Growth Hormone levels back to a level that is clinically predicted for your age will allow your body to perform at its peak which allows you to feel youthful and rejuvenated.
The effect of a single daily ip dose of saline, AOD9604, or hGH on body weight changes in lean male C57BL/6J (A) or obese (ob/ob) mice (B) for 14 d. Caloric intake was recorded every second day and presented as an average for each day in lean (C) and obese (D) mice. Results are expressed as the mean ± SE of six animals in each group. *, P< 0.01; #, P < 0.05, compared with saline.
Getting enough sleep is essential to feeling good – and losing weight. “It’s not so much that if you sleep, you will lose weight, but if you are sleep-deprived, meaning that you are not getting enough minutes of sleep or good quality sleep, your metabolism will not function properly,” explains Michael Breus, PhD and the clinical director of the sleep division for Arrowhead Health in Glendale, Ariz.
I'm using 100mcg 6am-12pm-6pm(3xday) HGH Fragment 176-191 and the last shot around 6pm taking 100mcg of GHRP-6 from SouthernResearchCo, I gotta brag on their quality and value there's no others on the same level (IMO)! I dropped 10-15lbs as soon as I started too! NO catabolic or any adverse effects. Well, I did get head aches and super shits when I first began but by wk2 I notice nothing and feel so great! My tummy looks so much better too, my wifes all jealous as hell n gets mad saying she wont compliment it cuz I use drugs to attain leanness lol Fk it
Melanotan II is an analogue of alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone, the hormone responsible for pigmentation in skin and hair. This peptide has been shown not only to increase skin pigmentation, resulting in a substantially tanner skin tone, but also to stimulate fat loss and increase libido. Its aphrodisiac effects were so substantial that it was the basis for the development of another peptide designed exclusively to address erectile and sexual dysfunction—Bremelanotide PT 141.
Abellan R, Ventura R, Palmi I, di Carlo S, Bacosi A, Bellver M, Olive R, Pascual JA, Pacifici R, Segura J, Zuccaro P, Pichini S. Immunoassays for the measurement of IGF-II, IGFBP-2 and -3, and ICTP as indirect biomarkers of recombinant human growth hormone misuse in sport. Values in selected population of athletes. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2008 Nov 4;48(3):844-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2008.05.037.
When taking Ipamorelin, you want it to be pushed through your system naturally, and at the same levels. If you are constantly altering the times you take it, or increase/decrease dosages during your cycle, this is not going to be attainable. To maximize the benefits and gains you are going to experience, dosage levels should be consistent, as should the timing of the dosage you are taking each day.
For GH to exhibit its fat burning effects, insulin must NOT be present. Insulin release in the body is caused mainly by consuming carbohydrates, although all types of macronutrients (carbs, fat and protein) still cause the release of insulin to some extent. Since HGH Frag works by causing the body to break down and release stored fat for use as energy, if you have recently consumed calories (food or beverage) your body will just use that for energy instead and little extra fat will be burnt. If however there is no food present for the body to use as energy, it will use the stored fat which the HGH Frag has caused to be released and you will notice reductions in body fat over the ensuing weeks.
AOD9604 is a peptide fragment (hGH Fragment 177-191) of the C-terminus of Human Growth Hormone to which a tyrosine is added at the N-terminal end. Studies have suggested that AOD9604 is more effective than its predecessor AOD9401 in its ability to stimulate lipolytic (fat burning) and anti-lipogenic activity. Like Growth Hormone, AOD9604 stimulates lipolysis (the breakdown or destruction of fat) and inhibits lipogenesis (prevents the transformation of fatty food materials into body fat) both in laboratory testing and in animals and humans. Recent clinical research studies have shown that AOD9604 did show a reduction of body fat in the mid abdominal area in both obese, over-weight, and average built people.
The PCR reaction mixture contained 1 U Taq polymerase (Life Technologies, Inc.), the supplied buffer [20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.4) and 50 mM KCl], 200 μM dNTPs, 2 mM Mg-acetate, 2.5 pmol of forward primer, 2.5 pmol labeled reverse primer, and cDNA in a vol of 10 μl. The PCR reactions were carried out in a Hybaid PCR Sprint machine (Hybaid, Ltd., Middlesex, UK). Following the initial heating of the samples at 95 C for 2 min, each cycle of amplification consisted of 30 sec at 95 C, 30 sec at 64 C, and 30 sec at 72 C. It was found that 24 cycles were optimum for the amplification process.
Various experiments have been conducted to test the effectiveness of CJC 1295-DAC in vivo and the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism has reported dose-dependent increases in mean plasma GH concentrations by 2-10 fold for more than 6 days and increased IGF-1 concentrations 1.5-3 fold for 9-11 days after a single injection. Mean half-life was shown to be 5.8-8.1 days, also after multiple doses mean IGF-1 levels remained above baseline for up to 28 days. No serious adverse reactions were reported in any group.
AOD-9604 is a variant of growth hormone which has fat burning properties and may be used by athletes to increase power to weight ratios by better utilisation of fat stores. During clinical trials it was also found to have an anabolic effect on cartilage tissue and may promote cartilage creation and repair and have a capacity to enhance muscle formation.
Metabolic turned their attention to human studies and performed six clinical trials on 925 people between 2001 and 2007. Not one of these trials showed that AOD9604 caused any weight loss or changes in body composition (3). In 2007, the company that owns Metabolic, Calzada, reported to their shareholders that AOD9604 showed no promise, and was being abandoned as a weight loss drug (2,3). The failure was blamed on inefficient absorption of the peptide drug through oral administration, as was used in the trials, even though rodent studies had shown the oral delivery route to be effective. At this point, Metabolic had sunk a massive $50 million into development and trials of AOD9604.