Improved glucose metabolism after RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy involves several mechanisms: early increased hepatic insulin sensitivity, resulting from reduced liver fat content in response to the postoperative caloric restriction, improved beta-cell function mediated by exaggerated postprandial GLP-1 secretion; as demonstrated by relapse of impaired glucose tolerance in studies blocking the GLP-1 receptor by exendin 9–39, and later after major weight loss increased peripheral insulin sensitivity. Gut hormone secretion changes towards a more anorectic profile and is likely important for less caloric intake and weight loss.
It is not advisable to generalize our results for the OA in a rabbit model because of the small sample size of this study. Further studies with larger sample sizes and longer follow-ups are necessary to establish the validity of our results. Moreover, the different effects caused by varying intra-articular dosages, formulations, and injection intervals need to be assessed.
When the AFL Peptides scandal hit, Calzada was forced to clarify the facts about AOD9604, and put out a cleverly worded press statement aimed at potential investors, concentrating on the fact that AOD9604 had been proven safe in large scale clinical trials (neglecting to mention a lack of effectiveness) and spoke of the success of AOD9604 on stimulating bone growth, and on cartilage and muscle cell repair in in-vitro trials (2,4). The black market uses for this peptide in muscle repair and treatment of obesity were also mentioned in the release, and it is clear through media reports on this scandal that Calzada gained traction from the profile boost (8).
However, both the original GRF (1-29) and the Mod GRF 1-29 required frequent dosages. So a new compound called CJC-1295 was created which was far more stable. This compound was made by adding Lysine – which is a non-peptide, and is also called Drug Affinity Complex or DAC. Since the original Mod GRF 1-29 does not contain DAC, it is named as CJC-1295 without DAC. However, the actual CJC-1295 is not only difficult, but also very expensive to produce. This is why it is not produced or used extensively. The Mod GRF 1-29 is far easier and cheaper to produce.
The diet program combines medically scripted weight loss medication with specifically formulated Ketogenic supplements to help you control your appetite and switch your body into Ketosis – your body’s fat burning mode. The diet plan comes with a detailed booklet which steps your through the 30-day program, and includes a shopping list, recipes, KetoMed RX program specifics as well as other helpful resources.
If there's one thing that science has definitively said about AOD9604, it is that it is safe and has no side effects. Calzada, after trying the peptide out as an anti-obesity and anti-arthritic, has succeeded in having the peptide declared "Generally regarded as safe" by the FDA, which makes it legal to use as a food additive in America. Calzada, seemingly under no pretense that their product has pharmaceutical properties, is now trying to break into the US over the counter supplement and "Nutraceutical" market with AOD9604 (2,4). Interestingly, the compound has only been approved for use in levels of up to 1mg per day (2), whereas the doses used in trials generally hovered around 500ug/kg (5,6), which means a 100kg person was receiving 50mg of the peptide daily. There is no science behind the peptide, or the dosage, and Calzada themselves have previously said AOD9604 is not effective orally (2).
All studies were performed as double-blind placebo-controlled trials with specific design adaption depending on the question that was to be answered. All, but the first, were performed on obese, but otherwise healthy, adults. In the first 4 studies, only male subjects were included (supplementary data). Approximately 900 adult subjects participated in these 6 clinical trials.
CJC 1295 has shown some amazing results as a growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) analog. Not only has CJC 1295 shown potential to increase growth hormone and IGF-I secretion and effects, but it has been able to do so in very large amounts. CJC 1295 Stimulates Growth Hormone Secretion, and will keep a steady increase of HGH and IGF-1 with no increase in prolactin, leading to fat loss, and increased protein synthesis thereby promoting growth.
Conclusions: Subcutaneous administration of CJC 1295 resulted in sustained, dose-dependent increases in GH and IGF-I levels in healthy adults and was safe and relatively well tolerated, particularly at doses of 30 or 60 ug/ kg. There was evidence of a cumulative effect after multiple doses. These data support the potential utility of CJC 1295 as a therapeutic agent.
CJC1295 is a 30 amino acid peptide, which primarily functions as a growth hormone releasing hormone analogue (mimicing the effect of GHRH). It was initially invented to treat deep fat deposits in people, because it is known that having an increase in our own growth hormone levels will target this.It stimulates production of our own growth hormone from the pituitary gland.
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“We are delighted with these results,” stated Metabolic Pharmaceuticals CEO, Chris Belyea. “The evidence from the trial is that over 12 weeks AOD9604 induces competitive weight loss with accompanying health benefits at a low dose and has superior tolerability. Our next major focus is a partnership with a major pharmaceutical company to assist in financing late stage longer term human clinical trials for worldwide marketing approval as a prescription treatment.”
When combined with the other IGF-1 and growth hormone boosting strategies you’ve just discovered – such as eating adequate calories, heavy weight training, 7-9 hours of sleep per 24 hour cycle, adequate mineral intake and moderation of alcohol intake – these additional strategies will ensure you get all the anabolic effects of IGF-1 and growth hormone without having to resort to needles, syringes, prescriptions, online pharmacies and potentially dangerous self-experimentation.
Cerebrolysin: A mixture of peptides extracted from pig brain that supports the development and function of nerve cells, cerebrolysin can be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia but because the drug needs to be injected daily, it doesn’t have a clear benefit over existing oral medication. It’s not known to have any major side effects. In sports, cerebrolysin used to enhance mental function and “defog” the brain, although there is no good evidence that it has any effect in healthy individuals. It’s not currently listed as banned under WADA, either directly or via similarity of mechanism to banned peptides.
Prof. Louis J Aronne MD, President of the North American Association for the Study of Obesity and a member of Metabolic’s Clinical Advisory Panel, said: "This is an exciting new approach to a problem which has defied easy solutions. We will need many different treatments if we are going to manage obesity successfully, in much the same way we have many treatments available for diabetes and hypertension".
Over the last 40 years a lot of research has been done on various peptides developing new peptide sequences to produce new peptides with fewer side effects and new beneficial effects. For example fragments of the growth hormone peptide have been developed such as AOD 9604 which possess all the fat burning properties of growth hormone without any of its adverse effects on blood sugar or growth.