AOD9604 and hGH appear to act in a similar manner to induce their effects on body weight regulation and adipose tissue mass in vivo. However, in vitro studies have demonstrated a number of differences suggesting that the two compounds operate via unique signaling pathways to control the regulation of theβ 3-AR. These studies suggested that AOD9604 had no interaction with the β3-AR or hGH receptors (11).
Up to the date of this paper, six clinical trials (three single dose studies and three multiple dose studies from which 2 were long-term studies) have been conducted with AOD9604. In none of the three acute dose-escalating studies (METAOD001 - METAOD003) were there reported any AEs related to the intake of AOD9604, withdrawals from the study caused by AOD9604 or SAEs reported. No treatment related differences were identified upon administration of AOD9604 by IV injection (25 µg - 400 µg/kg bodyweight) or orally (9 mg - 54 mg). Treatment with AOD9604 as a single dosage had no effect on physical examination, vital signs, laboratory parameters, ECG, blood glucose and IGF-1 levels, with results indistinguishable from placebo.
cDNAs were synthesized by reverse transcription (RT) of 1.0 μg of each total RNA using oligo (dT)15 as a primer. The RNA in a volume of 7.7 μl H2O was heated to 70 C for 5 min then placed on ice for 2 min before the addition of a reaction mix containing 1× RT buffer (Promega Corp., Madison, WI), 1 mM deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs), 5 mM MgCl2, 18 U Rnasin (Promega Corp.), 20 U avian myeloblastosis virus RT (Promega Corp.), and 50 μg ml−1 oligo(dT)15 in a volume of 12.5 μl. Following a brief centrifugation, the reactions were incubated at 42 C for 45 min and then 95 C for 5 min. The completed RT reactions were stored at −20 C and used for PCR without further treatment.
Plasma Nt‐proANP levels were measured by ELISA (proANP 1‐98; Biomedica Medizinprodukte GmbH & Co KG, Austria). Plasma Nt‐proBNP levels were measured using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (Elecsys proBNP; Roche, Indianapolis, IN). Mature ANP was measured using an in‐house immunoassay at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN; J. Burnett). Mature BNP was measured by immunoassay (Siemens, New York, NY). Intra‐assay coefficients of variation were <10% for all assays.
Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used in the management of mild to moderate pain and inflammation in conditions such as dysmenorrhoea, headache including migraine, post-operative pain, dental pain, musculoskeletal and joint disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis including juvenile idiopathic arthritis, peri-articular disorders such as bursitis and tenosynovitis, and soft tissue disorders such as sprains and strains. It is also used to reduce fever.
What may be unknown to some people is that hormones can come in three classes. We are all familiar with steroid hormones, which are fat soluble hormones that include testosterone, oestrogen, and their derivatives. A lesser known group of hormones are those made from peptides. The best known peptide hormone is human growth hormone (hGH) and insuline-like growth factor 1 (or IGF1), both of which are anabolic hormones that are responsible for cell growth and proliferation. Finally, some single amino acid derivatives can also be classed as hormones. Amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan can also be biologically modified into hormones.
These findings suggest that the acute effects of AOD9604 are quite different from the chronic effects. Enhancedβ 3-AR expression appears to play a major role in the chronic effectiveness of the compound in terms of fat metabolism and weight loss. The acute effects observed in this study confirm that the β3-AR is not the sole mediator of this action. The increase in β3-AR expression in response to hGH and AOD9604 would permit enhanced lipolytic sensitivity. Identification of the components of the intracellular pathway(s) and effector(s) activated by AOD9604 are currently being investigated. The results presented in this paper suggest that the effectiveness of AOD9604 and hGH may partly rely on their ability to increase levels of β3-AR RNA expression in models of obesity in which the numbers of the lipolytic receptor are low. These unique properties may give AOD9604 an advantage over other lipolytic agonists such as adrenergic agents and hGH, which exhibit undesirable side effects when administered chronically (22).
I have no direct personal reports on effect of the compound. There have been a few reports put out on the Internet, but I have no better ability to summarize such findings than anyone else and generally don’t go by that, except of course I do give credence when there’s a clear, large body of results. That’s not the case here, and what there is, is certainly not in the direction of this being the next wonder.
Another benefit of collagen supplementation to your workout routine? Collagen contains high amounts of the amino acid arginine, which changes into nitric oxide to help our blood vessels relax and promote healthy circulation. Additionally, arginine has been found to help promote total strength and recovery in adult males (4). Adding collagen into your daily diet can help keep your bones strong, helping you to stay active and healthy.
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