Tissues from ob/ob and lean mice were cut into 100-mg pieces and homogenized with 1 ml TRIzol (Life Technologies, Inc., Grand Island, NY) using a PolyTron homogenizer (Kinematica, Lausanne, Switzerland). The samples were incubated for 5 min at room temperature to permit the complete extraction of the RNA from the tissues. An aliquot of 0.2 ml chloroform was added to each milliliter of TRIzol. The method of RNA extraction was as described by the manufacturer (Life Technologies, Inc.). The final RNA pellet was air dried for 5–10 min and then resuspended in 20 μl ddH20. RNA was quantitated spectrophotometrically using the A260/280 ratio.
CJC-1295 is also known by the names of Modified GRF 1-29, Mod GRF 1-29, CJC-1295 without DAC (DAC stands for Drug Affinity Complex) and also by its chemical name tetrasubstituted GRF (1-29). This variety of names makes it difficult for the average consumer to select or even research upon this compound. Since some manufacturers list all of its names and others list only one, it also becomes very confusing. However, there is a reason for this wide variety of names.
These peptides are inhibitors of a protein called myostatin. Myostatin is secreted by muscle cells and acts to essentially block the development of new muscle fibers and, thus, the development of lean muscle mass. In fact, individuals who have mutations in the gene coding for this protein have significantly more muscle mass and enhanced strength. The administration of follastatin peptides can generate enhanced muscle mass and strength, and has been found especially useful in patients suffering from muscle-wasting diseases or who have difficulty gaining muscle.
AOD9604, a synthetic fragment of hGH consisting of the amino acid residues 177–191 with the addition of a tyrosine residue to the N-terminus was prepared with solid-phase synthesis procedure and purified with reverse-phase HPLC methodology in our laboratories (13). The structure of the peptide analog was verified with mass spectrometry and amino acid analysis. The hGH was a gift of Professor Michael Waters (University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia). BRL37344 (β3-AR agonist) was a gift from Dr. Jon Arch (SmithKline Beecham, Harlow, UK).
In vitro studies by Metabolic Collaborators showed that AOD9604 enhances the differentiation of adipose mesenchymal stem cells into bone, promotes proteoglycan and collagen production in isolated bovine chondrocytes, and promotes differentiation of myoblasts into C2C12 cells. These effects induced by AOD9604 are similar to those required for the repair of bone, cartilage, and muscle, all of which are affected in OA. To the best of our knowledge, no study has compared the effects of GH and HA intra-articular injections on OA. A previous study showed the effects of intra-articular GH injection on articulophyseal cartilage regeneration in the knees of rabbits [9]. Our study showed that the groups that received AOD9604 or HA injection had better outcomes in terms of morphological and histolopathological findings, as well as a lowered duration of lameness than the group that received saline injections, although there are no significant differences between the two groups. In addition, our study revealed that the groups that received combined injections of AOD9604 and HA showed better outcomes than the groups that received AOD9604 or HA alone. The apparently synergistic effect of combined injections is thought to indicate that intra-articular injection of HA may have a chondrocyte-protective role, and the AOD9604 could help recapitulate the developmental cascades which regrows a segment of the articular cartilage in a joint. Our results are consistent with those of a previous study [8] that combined the injection of HA with recombinant human GH and found that the combination is more effective than HA injection alone.
When combined with the other IGF-1 and growth hormone boosting strategies you’ve just discovered – such as eating adequate calories, heavy weight training, 7-9 hours of sleep per 24 hour cycle, adequate mineral intake and moderation of alcohol intake – these additional strategies will ensure you get all the anabolic effects of IGF-1 and growth hormone without having to resort to needles, syringes, prescriptions, online pharmacies and potentially dangerous self-experimentation.

Investigators at Monash University discovered that the fat-reducing effects of GH appear to be controlled by a small region near one end of the GH molecule. This region, which consists of amino acids 177-191, is less than 10% of the total size of the GH molecule and appears to have no effect on growth or insulin resistance. It works by mimicking the way natural Growth Hormone regulates fat metabolism but without the adverse effects on blood sugar or growth that is seen with unmodified Growth Hormone.
Tissues from ob/ob and lean mice were cut into 100-mg pieces and homogenized with 1 ml TRIzol (Life Technologies, Inc., Grand Island, NY) using a PolyTron homogenizer (Kinematica, Lausanne, Switzerland). The samples were incubated for 5 min at room temperature to permit the complete extraction of the RNA from the tissues. An aliquot of 0.2 ml chloroform was added to each milliliter of TRIzol. The method of RNA extraction was as described by the manufacturer (Life Technologies, Inc.). The final RNA pellet was air dried for 5–10 min and then resuspended in 20 μl ddH20. RNA was quantitated spectrophotometrically using the A260/280 ratio.
What may be unknown to some people is that hormones can come in three classes. We are all familiar with steroid hormones, which are fat soluble hormones that include testosterone, oestrogen, and their derivatives. A lesser known group of hormones are those made from peptides. The best known peptide hormone is human growth hormone (hGH) and insuline-like growth factor 1 (or IGF1), both of which are anabolic hormones that are responsible for cell growth and proliferation. Finally, some single amino acid derivatives can also be classed as hormones. Amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan can also be biologically modified into hormones.

Ipamorelin stimulates the pituitary gland to produce more endogenous growth hormone. This means your body’s Ipamorelin levels naturally grow, rather than simply adding synthetic growth hormone into your system. This stimulation is much more selective with Ipamorelin, especially compared to older peptides like Sermorelin. For patients, this means Ipamorelin has more benefits with fewer side effects.
No need to visit a physical peptide clinic, Muscle Peptide Australia can ship throughout Australia: to Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Darwin, Hobart and regional areas. There’s no time like now to begin this journey. Customers can order from our convenient and user-friendly website to get the supplements they need. Send us an e-mail, and our customer service team will be happy to address any questions or concerns you may have. We specialize in offering an affordable and efficient way to stay healthy for good.
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